Periodontal Disease Treatment Nederland, TX

Gum disease is a serious problem that should never be ignored. However, many adults are suffering from gum disease and don’t even realize it. Since the early stages have no painful symptoms, people normally brush them off. Getting treatment early is essential to prevent extensive oral health problems. At Coastal Dental Care, we provide periodontal disease treatment as part of our restorative dentistry services.

gum disease treatment in nederland, texas

What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common condition that affects the gums and surrounding tissues of the teeth. It is caused by the buildup of plaque – a sticky film of bacteria – on the teeth and gums. If left untreated, gum disease can lead to serious complications, including tooth loss and even bone loss in the jaw.
The first stage of gum disease is gingivitis. At this stage, the gums may become red and swollen and bleed easily when brushing or flossing. Although gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease, it is important to treat it promptly to prevent it from progressing to a more severe form.
As gum disease progresses, it can lead to periodontitis. This more advanced stage of gum disease is characterized by the formation of pockets between the teeth and gums, which can become infected. This can cause the gums to recede, exposing the roots of the teeth and making them more susceptible to decay. In severe cases, periodontitis can lead to the loss of teeth and damage to the underlying bone.

Gum Disease Risk Factors

While good oral hygiene practices are the most effective way to prevent gum disease, several risk factors can increase a person’s chances of developing this condition.
One of the primary risk factors for gum disease is poor oral hygiene. Failing to brush and floss regularly allows plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, to build up on the teeth and gums. This plaque can harden into tartar, which is much more difficult to remove and can only be removed by a dental professional. When plaque and tartar accumulate on the teeth, they can irritate the gums, leading to inflammation and gum disease.
Another significant risk factor for gum disease is smoking or tobacco use. Tobacco smoke contains numerous harmful chemicals that can damage the gums and compromise the body’s immune response. Smoking can also interfere with the healing process, making it more difficult for the gums to repair themselves after bacteria damage. Additionally, smoking reduces blood flow to the gums, making it harder for the body to fight off infections.
Certain medical conditions can also increase a person’s risk of developing gum disease. Conditions such as diabetes, autoimmune diseases, and HIV/AIDS can weaken the immune system, making it harder for the body to fight off the bacteria that cause gum disease. Additionally, medications used to treat these conditions can have side effects that affect oral health, such as dry mouth, leading to an increased risk of gum disease.
Hormonal changes in women can also contribute to a higher risk of gum disease. Puberty, pregnancy, and menopause can all cause fluctuations in hormone levels that affect the gums. During puberty, hormonal changes can increase blood flow to the gums, making them more sensitive to irritants such as plaque.
Hormonal changes during pregnancy can also increase the risk of gum disease. These changes can make the gums more susceptible to inflammation and infection. Menopause can lead to a decrease in estrogen levels, which can result in changes to the bone density in the jaw and an increased risk of gum disease.

Periodontal Disease Treatment in Nederland, TX

Several treatment options are available for individuals with periodontal disease. The first step is usually a professional cleaning to remove plaque and tartar buildup from the teeth and gums. This can help reduce inflammation and prevent further damage to the gums.
In more severe cases of periodontal disease, scaling and root planing may be necessary. This involves removing plaque and tartar from the surfaces of the teeth and root surfaces and smoothing out rough areas on the roots to prevent bacteria from accumulating. This procedure can be done using manual instruments or ultrasonic devices.
In some cases, patients may need surgical treatment to address advanced stages of periodontal disease. Flap surgery may be performed to lift the gums and allow access to the root surfaces for cleaning. Sometimes, bone grafts may be necessary to replace bone lost due to periodontal disease.
After undergoing periodontal disease treatment, individuals must practice good oral hygiene to prevent further damage to the gums and teeth. This includes brushing and flossing regularly and scheduling regular dental cleanings and check-ups.
Sometimes, we may prescribe medication to help control the bacterial infection associated with periodontal disease. This may include antibiotics or antimicrobial mouth rinses to help reduce the bacteria levels in the mouth.
Schedule a Consultation
If you suspect gum disease, contact our office for a checkup. You can call us or schedule an appointment online.